We provide a three day hands-on training, see details below. Please contact us for more information.
This training can be offered privately for groups of five or more. Training is given on-site at your company location, so you don't have to worry about traveling. Trainings can be tailored to your wishes. Prices start at €3000 per student for a three day course.
Currently there are no public offerings for 2023. This page will be updated when new public course become available. To stay up to date with any public trainings, you can sign up to our mailing list.
Interested in opening up a car hacker's toolbox and applying these tools and techniques hands-on? Then this training is the best fit for you!
In this course, the participant will become familiar with the theory and practice around numerous techniques in automotive security. This allows the participant to see what’s in a car hacker’s toolbox, and how to mitigate possible security vulnerabilities.
The trainee will learn how to leverage open source tools to perform an analysis of various aspects of the modern car. Everything from attacks on the physical layer and diagnostic protocols to the reverse engineering of firmware will be covered.
Various simulated networks and real Electronic Control Units (ECUs) will be available to practice on. Based on experience level, different ECUs and challenges will be available. A USB to CAN adapter will be provided, to be brought home by the participant to apply their new skills on their own targets.
Day 1 - Introduction
Day 1 of the training will be used to become familiar with the standards used for the communication between Electronic Control Units (ECUs) in a vehicle. Attacks on the physical and link layer will be discussed, and their possible detection and mitigation.
In the second part of the day, we will look at hardware used to interact with the vehicle’s network, and implement our first attack.
Day 2 - Hardware and tool development
On the second day of the training, we will dive into the the actual hardware of a car and its ECUs. You’ll learn how to find the schematics of a certain car, and identify the best points to connect to the different networks. We will look at software provided to repair shops by the manufacturer. Different firmware update files and their protections will be discussed. We will also look at the inside of an ECU and ways to extract its firmware.
In the second part of the day, we will focus on writing scripts to find and interact with the different diagnostics protocols supported by the ECU. Software libraries to quickly build these tools are discussed. A software attack on an actual ECU will be performed to brute force the authentication and extract the firmware over CAN.
Day 3 - Reverse engineering and obtaining code execution
We will conclude the training by reverse engineering the firmware that was obtained on day 2. During the theory session, a quick introduction to Ghidra will be given. An ECU firmware file consists of up to millions of lines of code which would take a long time to fully reverse engineer. Tips and tricks will be taught to quickly identify parts of the firmware that are of interest. Then, we will modify the firmware, and flash it back to the ECU in order to obtain execution of our custom code.
Willem Melching (https://twitter.com/PD0WM) is an independent security researcher. He has over 5 years of experience working on automotive security and reverse engineering. During his time at comma.ai he worked on providing open source tools to help the community reverse and interact with a wide variety of cars. Check out his blog (https://blog.willemmelching.nl/) for recent work.